The brown recluse spider, Loxosceles reclusa, hails from the Midwest and Southeast regions of the United States. This species gets its title of “recluse” from its covert behaviors, as they typically reside in dark, dry and warm environments such as closets, basements, and even woodpiles outdoors. The brown recluse is one of the only species of arachnids that intentionally bites when it feels trapped or threatened. Unfortunately this is usually due to a human hand or foot accidentally disturbing the brown recluses habitat. Because they hide in crevices in warm, dark places most interactions between a brown recluse and a human are unintentional. The bite of a brown recluse can take up to three or more hours to develop so it is important to closely monitor any victims. The bite wound also heals very slowly, it can take up to three weeks to fully heal. While brown recluses are venomous their venom typically causes severe allergic reactions, primarily in elders with pre-existing conditions and very young children.
The brown recluse is also known as a fiddleback or violin spider. It got its household name due to its distinct brown coloration, its reclusive habits, and the dark violin shaped marking on the top of its abdomen. While originated from the Midwest and Southeast regions of the United States, brown recluse spiders are found all over the world. Primarily brown recluses are located in Africa, North,Central, and South America and even parts of southern Europe. In the United States there are eleven distinct species of the brown recluse spider.
The best practice in brown recluse prevention is vigilance. It is important to inspect your property regularly, avoid keeping shoes and clothes on the ground or around entrances to your home. In addition, we recommend stacking wood piles on pallets off the ground and to leave spacing in between stacks of firewood to avoid creating habitats for brown recluse spiders. If you suspect an invasion on your property contact a pest control professional to safely remove the pests.